Indian Ancient Temples Architecture

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Indian Architecture has evolved through various ages in different regions of the country. The temple architecture is one of them. The hand carved detailed design work is still spoken about because of its elegance even after decades passing by! Check out how architecture played an important role during those days and how it still inspires the budding designers.

Madurai Meenakshi temple

It is constructed in the early 17th century and is one of the largest and oldest of its kind. Its one of the master piece of Dravidian Architecture.
Architectural Details: The temple design is based on human body. That is the five main entrances are based on the five senses and the nine small entrances denotes the orifices of a human body!
The location is constructed in concentric circle,with the temple in center.This is also know as the "Lotus Formation".
It covers an area of 65000 square meter.
Note: Meenakshi temple - one of the biggest and oldest Indian temples on March 3, 2013 in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. The 14 gateway towers called gopura ranging from 45 to 50m.


Thanjavur Temple

It was the largest of its time covering eight hundred meter long and four hundred feet wide.
Architectural Details:
The temple is approached by two gateways called the "Gopurams"
These towers stand on a rectangular base and tapering towards the top.
The outer gate tower is a five tiered construction and the inner one is three tiers.


The Khajuraho Temples

They are a pinnacle of North Indian Nagara Architectural Style.
Architectural Details:
They were constructed with sandstone.
Motar was not used during the construction.The stones were just put together with motis and tenon joints and they were held in place by gravity. This form of construction requires very accurate joints!
The columns and the architraves were build with megaliths that weighed up to twenty ton.
The arches were made by a technique known as the corbelling. In which a dome or arch is created by overlapping masonry courses.
Note: Human sculptures of Vishvanatha Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, Western Temples of Khajuraho, Madya Pradesh, India - UNESCO world heritage site Popular world tourist destination


Konark Sun Temple

This temple marks the highest point of achievement in Kalinga Architecture. It was built in the thirteenth century and is one of the stunning monuments.
Architectural Details:
Entire temple was designed in the shape of chariot with twelve pair of wheels which was pulled by seven pairs of horses.
The stone wheels, pillar and walls are elaborately carved with geometrical and floral designs.
The whole temple's superstructure was built from Khondalite rocks were as the foundation and the inner core was built with Laterite stone.
The temple faces the east direction, so that the sun rays fall directly on the main entrance.
The entrance of the temple has structures of two lions crushing a huge elephant.
The ornamental designs and motifs were carved in situ, once the construction was over.

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